CO2 emissions from Dutch economic activities were 21.1 percent lower in the second quarter than in the same quarter of 2019. According to the first calculation, gross domestic product (GDP) contracted by 9.3 percent in the same period. The decrease in CO2 emissions is partly due to the fact that the energy companies used less coal in their production. The impact of the corona crisis on CO2 emissions is also clearly visible. For example, the CO2 emissions of the transport sector were about half lower than a year earlier. The CBS (Central Statistics Office) reports this on the basis of the new quarterly figures on CO2 emissions.
The transport sector emitted almost half less CO2 in the second quarter than in the same quarter a year earlier. The added value was also considerably lower in this period. CO2 emissions from aviation were more than 80 percent lower in the second quarter than twelve months previously. Due to the Corona outbreak, many flights were canceled in the second quarter and a large part of the fleet was grounded. Road transport has also emitted considerably less CO2 due to the corona crisis. The share of the transport sector in total emissions was over 9 percent.
figure 2: Contribution of CO2 emissions by industry and households, second quarter 2020
The CO2 emissions have been calculated according to the definitions in the Environmental Accounts. This concerns an initial calculation based on the information then available. The figures can change on the basis of new statistical source information that becomes available later.
CBS Netherlands has also developed a method to estimate quarterly greenhouse gas emissions in accordance with the regulations of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). These regulations, drawn up in the context of the Kyoto Protocol, ensure comparable emissions between countries in order to be able to pursue international policy. The first experimental results for the first and second quarters of 2020 can be found here.